Background :
Agriculture Canada

Canada is one of the largest agricultural producers and exporters in the world. As with other developed nations, the proportion of the population and GDP devoted to agriculture fell dramatically over the 20th century but it remains an important element of the Canadian economy. A wide range of agriculture is practiced in Canada, from sprawling wheat fields of the prairies to summer produce of the Okanagan valley. In the federal government, overview of Canadian agriculture is the responsibility of the development of Agriculture and Agri-Food.

Agriculture Statistics by Province :

British Colombia, Alberta, Ontario and Quebec

 Sector    % Cast Receipt  Primary Market
 Grains and Oilseeds   35 %  Domestic & Export.
 Red Meats-Livestock  24 %  Domestic & Export
  Dairy  12%  Domestic
 Horticulture 9%  Domestic
 Poultry & Eggs.  8%  Domestic


Canadian Livestock and Poultry 

Type Number
 Cattle & Calves  12,789,965
 Dairy Cows 961,726
Pigs 12,679,104
 Sheep & Lambs 1,108,574
Goats 255,461
 Horses and Ponies 392,340
Broilers 94,422,709
Laying Hens 22,086,759
 Turkeys 8,021,500


In Canada, there were 961,726 dairy cows on12,746 farms across the country. With 98% of Canadian dairy farms still family owned and operated, thats an average of just 77 cows per farm. Quebec and Ontario are the major dairy producing provinces with 59% and 32% of the farms, respectively. But dairy has a significant presence in all of the provinces and is one of the top two commodities in seven out of ten provinces.

In the 1970’s the supply management system came into effect to regulate the supply of milk, poultry and eggs to meet consumer demand. The collective marketing ensures that imports are limited in areas where domestic products can meet demand. The federal government imposed pricing policies to safeguard the producer’s livelihood.

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