Background :
 

Agriculture is one of many words used so often in varied contexts that reflecting on its true definition from time to time can rewarding :
Agriculture : The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the raising and management of livestock.

Indian Agriculture has a big history began by 9000 BC. India has privilege to enjoy double monsoon which leads two harvesting in a year. Some of the milestone in Indian Agriculture are :
— Green Revolution (1968)
— Ever-Green Revolution (1996)
— Blue Revolution (water, fish)
— White Revolution (Milk)
— Yellow Revolution (flower, edible)
— Bio Technology Revolution

India has made rapid strides since independence, From food shortage and import to SELF – SUFFICIENCY AND EXPORT; From subsistence farming to INTENSIVE and TECHNOLOGY LED CULTIVATION. Our agriculture production increased 4.5 fold from 50 mt to 235 mt. India had real income and reduced prices from 1975 to 2010. Our poverty reduced by 40+% and life expectancy doubled (64 years).

Today India is 4th Largest economy in terms of PPP (purchase power parity) with GDP growing at 7.5 – 9% rate. GDP in agriculture was recorded at USD 244.74 billion in FY16. Also average growth rate of agriculture and allied sector is recorded a CAGR rise of 6.64 percent during FY07-16.

India is an agricultural nation and agriculture is the most important sector in India. Government of India has initiated number of steps to boost the agribusiness. We have now been able to established our presence in the world market through update with the new techniques and farming methods, latest equipment and packing and transporting systems.

 

Of the 456 million tons of vegetable produced in the world, India’s share is 59 million tons. All taken together, India’s share of the world’s vegetable market is 17 per cent. Presently, the horticultural crops covers 13.6 million hectares, i.e. roughly 7 per cent of the gross cropped area and contributes 18-20 per cent of the gross value of India’s agricultural output.

According to national horticulture board the main fruits and vegetables grown in India are :



Fresh Fruits:

India is the largest producer of fruits in the world. India is also known for fruit basket of the world. The major fruits grown in India are :

  1. Mangos
  2. Grapes
  3. Apple
  4. Banana
  5. Water Melons
VEGETABLES:

India grows the largest number of vegetables from temperate to humid tropics and from sea-level to snowline, Vegetables are excellent source of vitamins, particularly niacin, riboflavin, Thiamin and vitamins A and C. Most of the vegetables, being short duration crops, fit very well in the intensive cropping system and are capable of giving very high yields and very high economic returns to the growers.

Major vegetables grown in India are :

  1. Potato
  2. Onion
  3. Tomato
  4. Garkin
 
       
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